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The most important thing you need to know about the next generation of the Internet - Web 3.0

You may have come across the term "Web3" or Web 3.0, or what is known as the third generation of the Internet, and perhaps not, it is still a term that is still being used by high-interest stakeholders and major players on the Internet, such as Internet experts, planning policies, and owners of large companies, Like Elon Musk, the world's richest person and the CEO of Tesla, (who didn't seem enthusiastic), or the cryptocurrency traders who are geeks at non-fungible tokens (NFT). With these, there is a wide range of people who are passionate about a more private internet, promoting the next generation of the internet.

The most important thing you need to know about the next generation of the Internet - Web 3.0
The most important thing you need to know about the next generation of the Internet - Web 3.0

Internet experts and specialists believe that we are facing a major change affecting the Internet, which will re-understand many of the transactions and concepts associated with it, and may make a fundamental change that threatens the control of major Internet companies such as “Google” and “Meta” (formerly Facebook), Amazon, and many other companies. But what does the next generation of the Internet actually mean? Let's take a look at what Web3 is and what it has in store for us.


The different generations of the Internet and what are their characteristics?


The word "generation" or the number attached to the word "web" here does not mean the version number literally, like the first generation of computers, or the second generation. There was no official "1" version of the Internet, but the term is generally used to describe a set of technical characteristics that characterize a particular era in the history of the World Wide Web.


The first generation "Web1" of the World Wide Web, which is estimated to have lasted until about 1995, was known to be very limited, meaning that it relies on browsing entirely, with limited access to data. At that time, it was not possible to create personal accounts on a site, for example, Even creating websites was a very difficult matter for the big companies, not like today where anyone can create and manage a website. acronym; The web was just a place to browse in the literal sense, just like you're holding a book you're reading and you can't add anything to it.


Then came Web 2.0 and changed everything!


The main shift that occurred in Web1 and brought us to the era of Web2 that we are using now (the change started at the end of the nineties of the last century, and 2005 is recognized as the year that witnessed the transition to Web2) is that the Internet has become more interactive and dynamic, as it has become Users can add comments, create private accounts, and upload files to and from websites.


This shift witnessed a significant change at the level of the structure of the Web, where connection speeds increased, coinciding with the emergence of applications that are in line with new requirements, such as instant messaging applications, sites that allow creating accounts for users, and other applications that completely changed the concept of the Web.


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The pinnacle of the development of Web2 was manifested in the emergence of social networking sites, private blogs, hosting services, and cloud storage. The user has benefited greatly from the capabilities of the Internet to the extent that he is a user who is described as one of the operators of the Web.


Defects in the second generation Web 2.0


Although the move to Web2 was a big leap in its time, recent criticism has increased directed at companies that have grown in light of the new changes, as major companies such as MITA and Google have become a huge amount of user data, which enables them to control almost completely over The Internet, which angered some people who aspire to a completely free Internet, in which private data is not used, monopolized and traded, which constitutes the exploitation of the user's privacy. As The Economist stated in 2017, oil is no longer the world's most valuable resource, but users' online data.


And accusations continued of companies violating the privacy of users, and putting their personal data and employing it to reap private profits, the accusation that affected the company "Facebook" previously. As critics of the policies of major companies say, these companies access private and sensitive information, in the absence of a real need to access that information, as some companies and applications require many and unnecessary permissions in the terms of use.


The holding companies on the Internet are also accused of practicing discrimination on cultural and political grounds, depriving large groups of people of benefiting from the capabilities of the Internet, the ban practiced by some companies on citizens of certain countries, and the ban on application stores and online shopping in some countries.


So how will Web3 work?


The main feature that the missionaries of the new generation are talking about is that the huge central data of the Internet and major sites will not be central data stored in computers of specific companies, such as the servers of Google or Amazon companies, but will be stored through decentralized servers, representing the devices of individuals connected and users of the Internet.


It is not possible to understand the work of the third generation of the Internet Web3 without understanding the Blockchain technology, the technology used in the field of cryptocurrencies, on which the new generation of the Internet will depend, to take it, and artificial intelligence (AI) systems to store, operate and manage data in the next generation of the Internet.


Blockchain technology is based on the principle that the basic databases will be decentralized by distributing them on several users’ computers, instead of the central servers of companies, and for personal data, they will be secured via private keys as in digital wallets, where any information and any data will be private You are alone, and the possibility of modification or manipulation is considered impossible.


Actually, there are many sites on the Internet that have already begun to present themselves as part of the next generation of the Internet and have also presented themselves as an alternative to the major sites. There is the Status service that presents itself as an alternative to WhatsApp, and also there is Akasha who promotes it as an alternative to Facebook, and certainly, you have come across a browser Brave, which is the alternative to the Google Chrome browser that you use, is mining for the encrypted Basic Attention Token.


Although it is difficult to say that we have now moved from the era of Web2 to Web3, there are certainly many parties that are working hard to break the dominance of companies on the Internet, and although it seems akin to a utopia, perhaps the success of cryptocurrencies, which was even Years ago, it was like a fantasy, it seems an incentive for these actors who herald the third generation of the World Wide Web.

احمد ابو المجد
احمد ابو المجد
Ahmed Abu Al-Majd - Egyptian Arab blogger and YouTuber - supervisor and owner of the Abu Al-Majd YouTube channel - I share my experience in the technical field in a simple way that suits everyone. facebook ــــ twitter ــــ instagram ــــ pinterest ــــ youtube ــــ linkedin ــــ abouelmagd احمد ابو المجد 2

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